© Robert Capa FRANCE. Argeles-sur-Mer or Le Barcares. March, 1939. Exiled Republican soldier, who had crossed the border after Franco’s victory, in a refuge camp.France set up eight camps along the border in the PyrÈnÈes Orientales region.Spanish Civil War (1936-39) SPAIN. November 7th, 1938. Near Fraga, the Aragon front. Loyalist troops during an offensive on the Rio Segre. SPAIN.Spanish Civil War ( 1936-9).Montblanch. Near Barcelona.Octobre 25th,1938.Bidding farewell to the International Brigades, which were dismissed by the Republican government, as a consequence of Stalin’s friendship with Germany. SPAIN. Spanish Civil War (1936/9)ICP 237. Aragon front. Battle of Teruel. January 3rd, 1938. Republican soldiers inside the Governor’s Palace, the last bastion of the Fascist resistance. Earlier that day the Republicans had detonated mines powerful enough to blow away an entire wall. Aragon. Teruel. Décembre 1937. Offensive républicaine pour reprendre la ville aux franquistes. La prise de l’aqueduc “Los Arcos”.The Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, when part of the Spanish army rebelled against the Second Republic, a democratic government elected in 1931. It gained international dimensions when Fascist Germany and Italy began supporting the military uprising, led by General Franco, with weapons and soldiers. The USSR helped the Republic, and a significant contingent of volunteers joined the International Brigades and fought for the Republic. The conflict became the symbol of a larger conflict between Fascists and Communists. The war ended in 1939 with Franco’s victory over the Republicans. SPAIN. Cordoba front. Early September, 1936. Three Loyalist militiamen in a gully aiming rifles. SPAIN. Madrid. Winter 1936-1937. After an Italo-German air raid. The Nationalist offensive on Madrid, which lasted from November 1936 to February 1937, was one of the fiercest of the Civil War. During this period Italy and Germany started helping the Nationalist forces, and the USSR the Popular Front government.